*Lindz*

Friday, November 04, 2005

quotes for my paper 11-04

from http://http://chiron.com">http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt//col/cogsys/infoproc.html

"memory (the storage and retrieval of information), a subject that has been of interest for thousands of years"

"The first is the assumption of a limited capacity of the mental system. This means that the amount of information that can be processed by the system is constrained in some very important ways."

"We constantly use information that we gather through the senses (often referred to as bottom-up processing) and information we have stored in memory (often called top-down processing) in a dynamic process as we construct meaning about our environment and our relations to it."

"The body has special sensory receptor cells that transduce (change from one form of energy to another) this external energy to something the brain can understand. In the process of transduction, a memory is created. This memory is very short (less than 1/2 second for vision; about 3 seconds for hearing)."

SENSORY MEMORY
"First, individuals are more likely to pay attention to a stimulus if it has an interesting feature. We are more likely to get an orienting response if this is present.Second, individuals are more likely to pay attention if the stimulus activates a known pattern. To the extent we have students call to mind relevant prior learning before we begin our presentations, we can take advantage of this principle."

SHORT-TERM MEMORY
"Short-term memory is also called working memory and relates to what we are thinking about at any given moment in time."
"It is created by our paying attention to an external stimulus, an internal thought, or both. It will initially last somewhere around 15 to 20 seconds unless it is repeated (called maintenance rehearsal) at which point it may be available for up to 20 minutes. The hypothalamus is a brain structure thought to be involved in this shallow processing of information. The frontal lobes of the cerebral cortex is the structure associated with working memory."
"Chunking is a major technique for getting and keeping information in short-term memory; it is also a type of elaboration that will help get information into long-term memory."
"Repetition or rote rehearsal is a technique we all use to try to "learn" something. However, in order to be effective this must be done after forgetting begins."
"..research suggests the number may be more like 5 + 2 for most things we are trying to remember."

LONG-TERM MEMORY
"Preconscious means that the information is relatively easily recalled (although it may take several minutes or even hours) while unconscious refers to data that is not available during normal consciousness."
Semantic Memory-- facts and generalized information (concepts, principles, rules; problem-solving strategies; learning strategies)
"Schema / Schemata -- networks of connected ideas or relationships; data structures or procedures for organizing the parts of a specific experience into a meaningful system (like a standard or stereotype)."

Thursday, November 03, 2005

outline of research paper

OUTLINE
Lindsey Tumperi- Memory

I Title: I don’t have a title yet, but that’s ok because I’m not really worried about it.
II Introduction: I would like this part of my paper to have 2 paragraphs- hopefully!
A. Discuss memory and the study of the mind in the past, how the memory has
Intrigued people thru history
1. quote on overall memory
2. how much field of study of the brain has excelled in past 10 years
3. replay button
B. Development of my project, interest
1. LTM vs STM
2. Mention study
3. How types of memory progress
III Main Body: In this part of my paper, I will have two major sections, one
Discussing the different types of memory, and one about the study that I am
Conducting
A. Long Term Memory
1. 2 ways that LTM can be remembered
2. forgotten/remembered
3. capacity of LTM
4. mnemonics
5. schemas
B. Short Term memory
1. visual vs audio & times for each
2. discarded before become aware of
3. how many can be retained at once & how to maximize
4. repetition & how long
5. hypothalamus- used to store
C. Other types of memory
1. 4 different types in LTM
2. 3 types in STM
3. implicit, explicit, and unconscious
4. Sensory Memory & major role in memory
D. Right after the discussion of memory I have a really cool diagram that
I will put right here that shows how the memory works in simple language
E. Introduce Study & the results from kids
1. Explain 2 different tests that I did, and why used sound & visual
2. Questions I asked and why
3. Why I asked the questions at 3 different times
4. Introduce the study and why it was important to my project
F. In this paragraph I will discuss the results of my study on adults, and the
Conclusion of my study
1. 2 tests that I did on adults and why
2. Questions I asked and why
3. Conclusions of my study & what it showed about memory
NOTE: This is where the table/graph from my study will go…
E. The next section of my outline is the conclusion, which is most definitely
best part of the paper
1. first paragraph of my conclusion will have all the arguementative points that I can have- hopefully 3- so that my paper can be persusive
a. prove the point correct/incorrect about how long audio and visual memory
lasts
b. why time made a difference, and if any of the info passed into long term
memory
2. I don’t know if I will have 2 paragraphs, depends on if I have enough to
write on

Wednesday, November 02, 2005

Reflection on Memory Paper

Hi Everyone!
Ms.Goode said we have to do a reflection on our research project so far. So this'll be a really boring blog, and then I'll go back to the exciting kind.

A research project is something that you spend a lot of time on and that you devote every free moment to. Some research papers are about things like poetry, the first world war, or french. A study is something that I can really get into. Something where one can be out gathering information instead of inside slaving over a computer all day.
My research question at the beginning was, "Does the mind remember everything it perceives?"Well ,now it has kind of morphed into "How does the long-term memory and short-term memory differ in children and adults?" I found that this question was less specific, and easier to do a study around. I am basically still researching the same thing, which is easy because I didn't have to start researching again.
During this project, I have learned that researching is a task that you have to be serious about. I have found enough information, and enough information. Personally, I did not like the type of research that we did in this class. This type of research is not exactly good for people who are not good typers, computer illiterate, or who like to take notes onto paper, not onto a blog. That's ok though, becuase a lot of people liked this way of doing notes.
A good thing about this form of researching is that you can easily show your results to peers, and get positive/negative feedback. People also have really good ideas that can help with a project. Next, I think I will be able to start writing my paper. I already have a rough ROUGH draft of my introduction, and it is definatly in the working stages. A big thing I need to get to work on is that I should probably start my study very soon, after that everythin should start running very smoothly.

luv Lindz

Tuesday, November 01, 2005

citations from BOOKS!!!!

To Ms. Goode- these citations are from books, I will type in some of the notes i took them when the internet was not working at our house.

-mind stores memory @ unconsios level
-1st part of brain to be deamaged by amnesia is last part to develop as a child

Eliot, Lise . What's Going on In There?. 1st ed. New York: Bantam Books, 1999.
Parenthetical Within Text (Eliot pp. 330, 332, 344)

From this first book, I learned everything (basically) in my project about STM and LTM and all the other types of memory. Did you know that there are at least 7 other types??

Barmeier, Jim. The Brain. 1st ed. San Diego: Lucent Books, Inc., 1996.
Parenthetical Within Text (Barmeier pp. 35-49)

These are the citations from the books I used, ther emey be more to come!!

luv Lindz

My Study- I NEED HELP!!

Hey Everyone!

This is my PRIMARY source-

My project is about memory in adults vs children, and I am testing on long term memory (LTM), and short term memory(STM). I have a LOT of questions about how I am going to make my study work, so if you have any ideas, post them here or e-mail me @ lindz939@yahoo.com. Also, I am studying kids between the ages of 3 and 6 or 7. Don't worry, I'm not gonna do surgery or anything, just show them some colors/shapes, and ask them some questions. If any of y'all have siblings this age, or have parents that I could include in my study PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE!!! let me know because I need to get my study going!!

So for my project, I am showing kids 7 shapes that are all different colors. Right after I show them, I will ask them these questions:
1.What colors did I show you?
2. What shapes did I show you?
3. What color was the _____? (shape)
I will then let them listen to a tape of an unfamiliar song, and I will ask these questions:
1. Can you hum part of the song?
2. What were the words and tune of the chorus?
NOTE:I will ask them the same questions 30 min later, and again the next day.
I will make sure to get parent permission before conducting the study.
I need at least 2 kids from each age gruop to make my study accurate!!!!

The second part of my study is using adults. I have a phone number test that I have at home that I will use to test the adults. After the tests,I will ask the questions included in the test.
I will then let them listen to a modern song that they have not heard. After the song, I will ask them the following questions:
1.Can you hum part of the song?
2. What were the words and tune of the chorus?

If y'all can help, or you have any younger siblings who are between the ages of 3 and 6/7, PLEASE let me know!!!

-Lindz

Wednesday, October 26, 2005

citations 10-26-05

Donald Hebb argued that it was doubtful that a chemical process could occur fast enough to accommodate immediate memory, yet remain stable enough to accommodate permanent memory. Hence, the present theory of three storage areas.

Clark, D. (2000). Memory. Retrieved Oct. 26, 2005, from Memory Web site:
www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/learning/memory.html.
Parenthetical Within Text
(Clark, 2000)

On this page- I learned where the STM is stored- the hippocampus. Also:
-sensory memory is limitless and lasts only a few seconds
-STM is mostly sound but some images
-STM has 3 types: iconic(images), acoustic(sounds), and working(active until put to use like a phone number)

Intelegen Inc., (2001). Human memory. Retrieved Oct. 26, 2005, from Human Memory Web site: http://brain.web-us.com/memory/human_memory.htm.
Parenthetical Within Text
(Human Memory, 2001)

Tuesday, October 25, 2005

citations 10-25-05, revised 11-01-05

I don't really know what I found on this page but must have been important if I wrote a citation for it. Oh well.

Schacter, Daniel. "memory Expansion Channel." Memory Expansion Channel. 1996. Brain Channels. 25 Oct. 2005
.

(Schacter)

I found a relly cool diagram on this site that explains the way memory works, and how long it lasts for REALLY well. I have it written down, but if you want to see it, go to the web page below. I also found:
-everyone has a diiferent way of remembering things this is called the "Encoding Specify Principle"

Huitt, W. "Educational Psychology Interactive." The Information processing Approach to Cognition. 2003. 25 Oct. 2005
.

(Huitt)

Monday, October 24, 2005

Lindsey's Blog

Hey ya'll

OK so i read everyones blog, not really but...
Anyway, I've benn thinking, what happens to you when you die?
I mean i beleive that you can go 2 heaven or hell or wutever, but how does that happen? do we go there as soon as we die, do we stay in our bodies for our burial, do we ever go back to "visit" our family after a while? Do we turn into angels(or demons in some cases?)? Do we take care of anyone? Do we ever get lonely? What do we do wherever we are? If anyone has any ideas or you just wanna say somethin else post something

-lindz